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Publication Title | AN OVERVIEW OF SUPERCRITICAL FLUID EXTRACTION FOR HERBAL DRUGS

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Pharmacologyonline 2: 575-596 (2011) ewsletter Karale et al.

“A OVERVIEW O SUPERCRITICAL FLUID EXTRACTIO FOR HERBAL DRUGS”

Karale Chandrakant K.*1, Dere Pravin J.1, Honde Bharat S. 1,Kothule Sachin1,Kote Amol P. 1 E-mail: chandu6890@gmail.com

1. Department of Pharmacognosy, S.V. .H.T’S College of B.Pharmacy, Shrishivajinagar (Rahuri factory), Tal-Rahuri, Dist-Ahmednagar, MS, India-413706.

Summary

A wide range of technologies are available for the extraction of active components and essential oils from the medicinal and aromatic plants. The choice of appropriate technique is depends on the economic feasibility and suitability of the process to the particular situation. The supercritical fluid extraction processes for production of medicinal, aromatic plants extracts and essential oils are tried to review in this article. The main issues related to supercritical fluid extraction of medicinal and aromatic plants is discussed in view of the development of this separation technique at industrial scale. After an introduction to supercritical fluid extraction, the roles of thermodynamics and mass transfer properties are emphasized, and the effects of the main operating variables on product recovery are briefly examined. Fundamental concepts about the equipment needed and basic technology are presented, including economical evaluation. Finally, a short survey of successful supercritical extraction processes of medicinal and aromatic plants is reported and a future outlook is given with few important and latest application, advantages and the disadvantages of the supercritical fluid extraction.

Key words: Extraction, Supercritical fluid, Herbal Drugs, CO2, Phase diagram, Extractor, Separator, aromatic plant extract etc.

*Address for correspondence: Mr. Karale Chandrakant Kashinath

Department of Pharmacognosy, S.V.N.H.T'S College of B.Pharmacy, Shrishivajinagar (Rahuri factory), Tal-Rahuri, Dist-Ahmednagar, MS, India-413706. Contact no: +91-8805784154 Email: chandu6890@gmail..com

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